CTET and UPTET are teacher eligibility tests conducted to recruit eligible candidates on the various teaching profiles in the central or state government-run schools. Even if both the tests aim to recruit teaching staff, they have some specific similarities and differences. Due to this, candidates often get confused between the CTET and UPTET syllabus.
Worry not! Here is a complete guide to help you get a clear understanding of the similarities and differences between both tests and make the right move.
What is CTET (Central Teachers Eligibility Test)?
Students who wish to teach from classes 1st to 8th in central schools need to pass the CTET to be eligible candidates. CTET, conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), has two papers: Paper 1 and Paper 2.
Candidates who want to teach classes 1 to 5 need to sit for Paper 1, and those who wish to teach from 5 to 8 should sit for Paper 2. Those who want to teach from classes 1 to 8 should sit for both papers. Upon passing the test, they receive the CTET certificate, which is valid for a lifetime.
What is UPTET (Uttar Pradesh Teacher Eligibility Test)?
To teach from classes 1 to 8 in Uttar Pradesh schools, candidates need to take the UPTET. Conducted by the Uttar Pradesh Government, the exam comprises two papers: Paper 1 and Paper 2. Like CTET, paper 1 is for candidates who wish to teach classes 1 to 5 and paper 2 to teach classes 5 to 8. Candidates who pass the UPTET papers successfully are awarded the UPTET certificate, which is essential to appear in the state teaching recruitment processes.
UPTET and CTET Syllabus:
The syllabus of CTET and UPTET exams is almost similar. Both the tests have two paper sets.
- Paper 1 of both the exams contains 5 subjects: Mathematics and Environmental Science, Child Development and Pedagogy, Language 1, and Language 2.
- Paper 2 of both the tests contain four subjects: Science or Social Studies, Mathematics, Child Development and Pedagogy, Language 1, and Language 2.
So, if a student prepares for one of the tests, they are also ready to sit for the other by default.
Similarities between CTET & UPTET exams:
The CTET and UPTET exams share several similarities. Refer to the below table to get a clear understanding.
|Feature||For Paper 1||For Paper 2|
|Exam Duration||2 hours and 30 minutes||2 hours and 30 minutes|
|Exam Sections||Contains 5 subjects||Contains 4 subjects|
|Total Questions||150 MCQs
1 mark for every correct answer
1 mark for every correct answer
Differences between CTET & UPTET exam:
The CTET and UPTET exams also have some differences. Refer to the below table to get a clear understanding.
|Exam Language||English and Hindi||English, Hindu and Urdu|
|Exam Frequency||Twice a year||Once a year|
|Conducting Body||Central Board of Secondary Education||Uttar Pradesh Government|
|Age||No age limit||Between 18 and 35 years|
|Applicability||All central schools across India||All the state government-run schools of Uttar Pradesh|
If you are a UPTET or CTET exam applicant and looking for external help to qualify for the exam, you should enrol in reputed online coaching programs. Exam preparation apps like BYJU’S Exam Prep help you achieve your goal by completing the syllabus on time and clearing all your doubts. It is time to join the online coaching classes and begin preparations as the official notifications for both exams are about to be released soon.