Health

Hemorrhoids – Diagnosis and Treatment

Hemorrhoids are the condition in which veins near the anus or in the lower rectum are swollen. Around fifty percent of adults suffer from this condition by the age of 50. This condition can be internal or external. 

Internal hemorrhoids develop within the anus or rectum, and external hemorrhoids develop outside of the anus. This condition is also known as piles. Try searching piles treatment in Hindi on the internet, and you will find the symptoms, causes, and treatments.

External hemorrhoids are one of the common and most severe ones. This condition causes pain, itching, and difficulty in sitting on hard surfaces. 

What are the symptoms of this condition?

The symptoms include the following:

  • Severe itching around the anus
  • Pain and irritation around the same area
  • Lumps or swelling near the anus
  • Painful leakage
  • Fecal leakage
  • Blood and tissue after a bowel movement

Sometimes the condition is not lethal and goes away without any treatment. And if your physician/doctor advises on treatment, never delay it.

How are hemorrhoids diagnosed?

There are many ways of diagnosing this condition, and the easiest way is by visual examination. It can be performed by your doctor immediately as you consult them. The doctor may do minor examinations to check for abnormalities within the anus.

A digital rectal exam is the common diagnosis method opted by many doctors specializing in this condition. But first, the doctor inserts a gloved and lubricated finger into the rectum to inspect the abnormalities during this exam.

Additional tests like anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy are necessary according to the risk factor involved. If the doctor finds the patient to be in slightly a dangerous condition, these examinations are suggested before further treatment. 

During these tests, the doctors use a tiny camera to diagnose the abnormalities in the anus or rectum (colon). A small fiber-optic camera that fits into a small tube is inserted into the rectum to view the inside of the rectum to examine hemorrhoids up close.

What are the medical treatment options for this condition?

One can have the treatment at your home or at the hospital, depending on the severity of the condition. It is easy to search for piles treatment in Hindi and find the closest clinics/hospitals offering the treatments for this condition in your area.

The treatments include the following:

Home treatment

Pain relief

It is a treatment method you can do at home. Sit in a warm tub of water for a minimum of 10 minutes every day. One can also sit on a warm water bottle to reduce the pain of external hemorrhoids.

Fiber supplement

If one feels constipated, they can use over-the-counter fiber medication/supplement to help soften their stool. Two common supplements for this condition are methylcellulose and psyllium.

Medical procedures

When home treatments are not that effective, it’s time to rely on medical procedures and consult a doctor near your area. 

The doctor may suggest a rubber band ligation which involves cutting off the circulation to the hemorrhoids by placing a rubber band around it. This will cause loss of blood circulation, and it forces hemorrhoids to shrink. 

A trained medical professional must only perform this procedure. It is never safe to try it by yourself. When the rubber band ligation is not a viable option, your doctor may suggest injection therapy or sclerotherapy. 

It is a procedure in which the doctor injects some chemicals into your blood vessels directly. This helps in the reduction of the condition.

These are the treatments one can try if one is suffering from hemorrhoids.

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